Sortir de la pauvreté grâce au numérique

COPENHAGUE – Quels sont les domaines qui devront faire l’objet d’une attention particulière de la part de la communauté internationale dans les 15 prochaines années ? La santé, la nutrition et l’éducation semblent être des choix évidents ; de manière plus surprenante, faire une priorité de l’accès au haut débit est étayé par des arguments solides.

Considérons ce simple fait : multiplier par trois l’accès mobile à internet au cours des 15 prochaines années pourrait augmenter les revenus des pays en développement de 22.000 milliards de dollars. Une telle amélioration de la vie et du revenu potentiel des pauvres pourrait indirectement contribuer à relever d’autres défis ; après tout, les individus plus prospères tendent à être en meilleure santé, à être mieux nourris et mieux éduqués.

Ce débat est important dans la perspective de la réunion de 193 gouvernements nationaux en septembre aux Nations unies pour finaliser la liste des objectifs de développement à l’horizon 2030. Le groupe de réflexion que j’ai fondé, le Consensus de Copenhague, a demandé à 60 équipes d’économistes, dont plusieurs prix Nobel, d’évaluer les objectifs susceptibles d’être les plus efficaces pour chaque dollar dépensé, afin d’aider la réunion mondiale à faire les meilleurs choix possibles.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/pcCNbFw/fr;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now