theresa may Leon Neal/Getty Images

Groeiende verwarring in het Verenigd koninkrijk

LONDEN – ‘En nu is het genoeg geweest’, zo verklaarde de Britse premier Theresa May na de terroristische aanslag op London Bridge. Maar na de verkiezingen van 8 juni in het Verenigd Koninkrijk is duidelijk geworden dat bijna de helft van de stemmers nu genoeg heeft van May, wier conservatieve meerderheid verdampte, met als resultaat een verdeeld parlement. Maar of het nou gaat om ‘genoeg immigranten’ of ‘genoeg bezuinigingen’: de Britse kiezer heeft duidelijk van heel veel genoeg.

De verkiezingen hebben Groot-Brittannië echter verward en verdeeld achtergelaten. Het Brexit-referendum over lidmaatschap van de Europese Unie suggereerde een Leave-Remain kloof, waarbij de Brexiteers licht in het voordeel waren. Bij de verkiezingen van dit jaar kwam hier nog eens een meer traditionele links-rechts kloof bovenop, waarbij een weder opgestaan Labour kapitaliseert op onvrede bij de stemmer over de Conservatieve bezuinigingen.

Om het resulterende politieke landschap te overzien moet je je een tabel voorstellen met vier kwadranten, die worden bezet door: Remainers en bezuinigers, Remainers en economische expansionisten, Brexiteers en bezuinigers, en Brexiteers en economische expansionisten. Deze vier kwadranten vormen geen coherente helften, dus het is onmogelijk om te bepalen waar stemmers precies voor dachten te kiezen.

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