EU-UK Brexit negotiations Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Los vínculos del Reino Unido con la Unión Europea

MADRID – Desde el inicio formal de las negociaciones del brexit del mes pasado, tres controversias han centrado la atención: la deuda del Reino Unido con la Unión Europea, la sumisión de aquél a la jurisdicción del Tribunal de Justicia de la UE (TJUE), y los derechos que conservarán los ciudadanos de la Unión residentes en el RU y viceversa. Ante este panorama, al que se suma una historia de desencuentros y discrepancias, no puede sorprender que los líderes de la UE vean en este país una contraparte hostil, sin voluntad real de compromiso.

Sin embargo, los intereses del RU y la UE están estrechamente vinculados, sobre todo en tres áreas conexas y vitales: política exterior, estrategia de seguridad y política de defensa. Avanzar en estos tres ámbitos orillados de la negociación hasta la fecha puede resultar fundamental para crear estructuras de cooperación imprescindibles para abordar las cuestiones más polémicas.

En su carta de notificación formal de retirada de la UE dirigida al presidente del Consejo Europeo, Donald Tusk, la primera ministra británica, Teresa May, destacó los aspectos económicos y de seguridad como elementos cruciales de la “alianza profunda y especial” que espera establecer con la UE. May lleva razón al considerar que estos dos ámbitos de cooperación son igualmente importantes, pero no debe olvidar que economía y seguridad no constituyen dos caras de la misma moneda.

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