La Rivolta Brexit

LONDRA – Con il voto per abbandonare l’Unione Europea, il Regno Unito ha messo in atto una rivolta così forte da scuotere – e potenzialmente addirittura distruggere – il progetto europeo. In effetti, così come il Regno Unito persegue il suo straordinario esperimento di democrazia applicata, altrove in Europa – per lo più in paesi del nord come Danimarca, Finlandia, Paesi Bassi e Svezia – sicuramente ci saranno appelli a seguire l’esempio britannico. Ma contro che cosa si rivoltano coloro che vorrebbero distaccarsi?

L’Unione Europea è stata costruita all’indomani della seconda guerra mondiale come un modo, per sfuggire finalmente all’eredità secolare europea di conflitti violenti. Dopo due guerre brutali in cui la creazione e le ambizioni concorrenti di Stati-nazione hanno svolto un ruolo centrale, gli Europei hanno abbracciato l’internazionalismo come fondazione di un nuovo ordine politico, da proteggere a tutti i costi.

A tal fine, è stato fondamentale la costruzione di organismi sovranazionali che hanno vincolato gli Europei gli uni agli altri ed, in nome dell’integrazione, hanno imposto dei limiti ai singoli paesi. Le corti europee sono diventate responsabili della protezione dello stato di diritto, e nuove istituzioni come la Banca Centrale Europea hanno affermato un crescente controllo sull’economia.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now