Adem Altan/Stringer

Por qué la UE debe ser generosa con Gran Bretaña

MÚNICH – La primera ministra británica, Theresa May, lo confirmó. El Reino Unido, sin lugar a dudas, va a abandonar la Unión Europea y negociará nuevos acuerdos comerciales. La pregunta es qué tipo de acuerdo aceptará la UE.

May ha dejado en claro que Gran Bretaña no quiere un arreglo como el que Suiza o Noruega tienen, porque el mismo le obligaría a ceder algún control sobre su política de inmigración. Someterse a la jurisdicción del Tribunal Europeo de Justicia, al que los líderes británicos acusan de dictar sentencias basadas en intereses creados, tampoco sería una opción aceptable.

Sin embargo, la UE no está dispuesta a simplemente permitir que el Reino Unido abandone lo que no le gusta, al menos no sin que pague un precio por ello. Los líderes de la UE insisten en que el Reino Unido no puede gozar de libre comercio con el mercado único sin permitir la libre circulación de las personas. Esta terquedad se debe, en parte, al temor de que, si el Reino Unido obtuviera un acuerdo tan desigual, otros países de la UE intentarían hacer lo mismo. Sin embargo, el deseo de castigar a los británicos, aunque sea sólo con el propósito de disuadir a otros Estados miembros de salir de la Unión a la velocidad de un rayo, es también con seguridad un factor contribuyente.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/f87eNHs/es;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.