Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty Images

Zpětný brexit?

LONDÝN – Falešné naděje mnoha Britů se začínají střetávat s ekonomickou realitou. Před rokem, kdy těsná většina voličů odhlasovala vystoupení Velké Británie z Evropské unie, tito lidé věřili slibům populárního tisku a politiků podporujících odchod z unie, že brexit nesníží jejich životní úroveň. Během následujícího roku se jim dařilo udržovat tuto úroveň zadlužováním domácností.

Nějakou dobu to fungovalo, poněvadž růst spotřeby domácností stimuloval ekonomiku. Okamžik pravdy pro britskou ekonomiku se však rychle blíží. Jak ukazují nejnovější údaje zveřejněné Bank of England (BoE), mzdový růst v Británií nedrží krok s inflací, takže reálné příjmy začaly klesat.

S dalším pokračováním tohoto trendu v nadcházejících měsících si domácnosti brzy uvědomí, že jejich životní úroveň klesá, a budou tomu muset přizpůsobit své výdaje. A aby toho nebylo málo, zároveň si uvědomí, že se předlužily a že budou muset svůj dluh snížit, což dále omezí spotřebu domácností, která udržovala ekonomiku v chodu.

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