Brexit Chris Jackson/Getty Images

Brexit en contexto

MILÁN – No creo que los extranjeros hagan un aporte positivo cuando pronuncian opiniones fuertes sobre cómo los ciudadanos de un país, o los de una unidad mayor como la Unión Europea, deberían decidir frente a una opción política importante. Nuestras percepciones, basadas en la experiencia internacional, a veces pueden resultar útiles; pero no debería existir ninguna confusión respecto de la asimetría de los roles.

Esto es particularmente válido en lo que concierne al referendo británico sobre si seguir formando parte de la UE o no. A escasos días de la votación, el resultado es demasiado reñido, y parece haber suficientes votantes indecisos como para inclinar la balanza hacia un lado o hacia el otro. Pero en un momento en el que la fragmentación política y social se extiende mucho más allá de Europa, los extranjeros tal vez puedan sumar cierta perspectiva sobre lo que realmente está en juego.

En primer lugar, no debería sorprender que, en términos de la distribución del ingreso, la riqueza y los costos y beneficios de un cambio estructural forzado, los patrones de crecimiento en la mayor parte del mundo desarrollado hayan sido problemáticos en los últimos 20 años. Sabemos que la globalización y algunos aspectos de la tecnología digital (particularmente aquellos relacionados con la automatización y la desintermediación) han contribuido a la polarización del empleo y el ingreso, ejerciendo una presión sostenida sobre la clase media en todos los países.

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