Mettre fin à l’isolement de la Birmanie

NEW YORK – La décision prise par l’administration Obama de rechercher une nouvelle voie dans les relations entre les Etats-Unis et la Birmanie est liée à la constatation que des décennies d’isolement de la Birmanie (Myanmar) pour contraindre le régime à modifier son attitude n’ont pas donné les résultats escomptés. Alors que les généraux qui dirigent le pays ont annoncé des élections dans le courant de l’année – les premières depuis 1990 – il est temps d’essayer une nouvelle approche.

Tenter d’entamer un dialogue avec l’un des régimes les plus autoritaires qui soit ne sera pas chose aisée. Rien ne permet de penser que les dirigeants birmans réagiront de manière positive aux principales demandes de l’administration Obama, soit la libération des quelques 2100 prisonniers politiques (dont Daw Aung San Suu Kyi), l’ouverture d’un véritable dialogue avec l’opposition et la tenue d’élections inclusives et transparentes. A vrai dire, les nouvelles lois électorales annoncées par les autorités, et qui ont été condamnées au plan international, font penser que le processus électoral ne sera guère crédible.

A l’automne dernier, nous avons constitué un groupe de travail sous les auspices de l’Asia Society pour évaluer la meilleure manière dont les Etats-Unis pourraient engager des discussions avec la Birmanie. Nous sommes arrivés à la conclusion que Washington ne devait pas soutenir ou encourager involontairement les éléments corrompus et autoritaires de la société birmane. Mais qu’en même temps, les Etats-Unis ne devaient pas fixer la barre trop haut dès le départ pour ne pas se couper de toute intervention efficace permettant à la Birmanie de s’affranchir d’un régime autoritaire et de rejoindre la communauté internationale.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.