El desgobierno del derecho internacional

NUEVA DELHI – Si nos guiamos por las apariencias, la reciente creación de una zona de identificación para la defensa aérea (ZIDA) china, que incluye territorios ajenos al control de ese país, no tiene nada en común con el arresto y el cacheo al desnudo de una diplomática india en Nueva York por la supuesta remuneración insuficiente a una empleada doméstica que había llevado consigo desde India. De hecho, estos episodios personifican el enfoque unilateralista de ambas potencias respecto del derecho internacional.

La promoción de un orden global justo y basado en reglas por parte de los estados poderosos, como un componente esencial para la paz y la seguridad, tiene larga data. Sin embargo, las principales potencias tradicionalmente han desacatado el derecho internacional, al tiempo que lo emplean contra otros estados. La Liga de las Naciones fracasó porque no pudo castigar ni evitar ese tipo de comportamiento. Actualmente, Estados Unidos y China son ejemplos patentes de un enfoque unilateralista de las relaciones internacionales, aun cuando sostienen su apoyo al fortalecimiento de las reglas y las instituciones globales.

Pensemos en EE. UU., que se ha rehusado a firmar tratados internacionales clave, como la Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Derecho del Mar (CONVEMAR) de 1982, la Convención de la ONU sobre los Usos de los Cursos de Agua Internacionales para Fines Distintos de la Navegación de 1997 (que aún no ha sido puesta en vigor) y el Estatuto de la Corte Penal Internacional de 1998. De hecho, el unilateralismo continúa siendo el leitmotiv de la política exterior estadounidense y esto se refleja también en sus intervenciones internacionales, sean de lucha y vigilancia informática, ataques con aviones a control remoto, o esfuerzos para cambiar regímenes.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Y3ZYCbI/es;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.