Ars Electronica/Flickr

Передовые заповедники

БОНН –  Небольшой самолет делает последний заход на посадку. Однако нет ни аэропорта, ни взлетно-посадочной полосы, ни пилота, чтобы направить его вниз. Этот беспилотный летательный аппарат возвращается со своей миссии, которая заключалась не в выслеживании террористов или разведке на иностранных территориях, а в мониторинге популяции носорогов и поиске браконьеров на тигров.

Этот беспилотник не оснащен турбореактивным двигателем Rolls Royce или радаром с синтезированной апертурой; вместо этого он имеет связь с картой Google, камеры и простые инфракрасные датчики. И он не дороже, чем среднестатистический портативный компьютер.

Такие дешевые новые технологии меняют облик заповедников; и Программа Организации Объединенных Наций по окружающей среде (ЮНЕП), которая руководит Конвенцией по сохранению мигрирующих видов диких животных, с нетерпением ждет поступления этих новых инструментов охраны животных. Они заполняют пробелы в наших знаниях по миграции на дальние расстояния таких видов, как черепахи, акулы, слоны и птицы. Собранные данные затем используются для разработки специальных стратегий сохранения этих разнообразных видов.

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