Borlaug y los banqueros

NUEVA YORK – El reciente fallecimiento de Norman Borlaug nos brinda una ocasión oportuna para reflexionar sobre los valores básicos y nuestro sistema económico. Borlaug recibió el Premio Nobel por su trabajo en pos de una "revolución verde", que salvó a cientos de millones de personas del hambre y cambió el paisaje económico mundial.

Antes de Borlaug, el planeta enfrentaba la amenaza de una pesadilla malthusiana: una creciente población en el mundo en desarrollo y alimentos insuficientes para sostenerla. Piénsese en el trauma que habría sufrido un país como India si su población de quinientos millones apenas hubiera podido alimentarse, al tiempo que se duplicaba. Antes de la revolución verde, el Premio Nobel Gunnar Myrdal predecía un sombrío futuro para un continente asiático sumido en la pobreza. En lugar de ello, se ha convertido en un motor económico.

De manera similar, la renovada y bienvenida determinación de África de combatir el hambre debería ser un testimonio vivo del legado de Borlaug. El hecho de que la revolución verde nunca llegara al continente más pobre del mundo, donde la productividad agrícola es apenas un tercio de la de Asia, sugiere que hay allí amplio margen de mejora.

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