Борлоуг и банкиры

НЬЮ-ЙОРК. Недавняя смерть известного американского агронома Норманна Борлоуга является подходящим моментом для того, чтобы поразмышлять о наших основных ценностях и о нашей экономической системе. Борлоуг получил Нобелевскую премию за свою работу, положившую начало «зелёной революции», которая спасла сотни миллионов людей от голода и изменила глобальный экономический ландшафт.

До Борлоуга миру угрожал кошмар, предсказанный известным английским экономистом Мальтусом: рост населения в развивающихся странах и нехватка продовольственных ресурсов. Представьте, чтó пришлось бы пережить такой стране, как Индия, если бы её население удвоилось, но получало столь же недостаточное количество продовольствия. До зелёной революции лауреат Нобелевской премии шведский экономист Гуннар Мюрдаль предрекал Азии, погрязшей в бедности, мрачное будущее. Вместо этого Азия стала настоящим экономическим локомотивом.

Также, тот факт, что Африка наконец-то решилась объявить войну голоду, должен послужить живым свидетельством заслуг Борлоуга. То, что зелёная революция так и не пришла на беднейший континент мира, где производительность сельского хозяйства равна лишь одной трети уровня Азии, говорит о том, что ещё есть много к чему стремиться.

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