Bombardeo al presupuesto de los Estados Unidos

PARIS – Mientras Estados Unidos y el mundo conmemoran el quinto aniversario de la invasión de Iraq, hierven los debates acerca de las consecuencias para Iraq, para el Oriente Próximo y para la reputación de Estados Unidos en el mundo. Sin embargo, el impacto interno de la guerra de Iraq –el presupuesto del Pentágono, que crece cada vez más, y su influencia de largo plazo en la economía de EE.UU.- pueden terminar siendo su consecuencia más duradera.

La solicitud de $515,4 mil millones de dólares por parte del Departamento de Defensa de EE.UU. para el año fiscal 2009 deja pequeño a cualquier otro presupuesto de militar en el mundo. Y esta enorme suma –un aumento del 5% con respecto al presupuesto militar de 2008- se ha de destinar sólo a las operaciones normales del ejército estadounidense, es decir, no incluye las guerras en Iraq y Afganistán.

Desde que asumió el cargo el 2001, el Presidente George W. Bush ha aumentado el presupuesto militar regular en un 30%, sin siquiera incluir esta cifra las guerras que impulsó. El año pasado, la totalidad de los gastos militares y de contraterrorismo de Estados Unidos llegaron a los $600 mil millones. Uno puede suponer que el gasto total de año próximo en asuntos militares será incluso mayor. Ajustado a la inflación, el gasto militar de EE.UU. ha alcanzado su nivel más alto desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

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