Bombardování amerického rozpočtu

PAŘÍŽ – Zatímco si Spojené státy a svět připomínají páté výročí invaze do Iráku, zuří debaty o jejích důsledcích – pro Irák, Střední východ i pro postavení Ameriky ve světě. Jako její nejtrvalejší dopad se však může ukázat domácí vliv irácké války – vytrvale bobtnající rozpočet Pentagonu a jeho dlouhodobé následky pro ekonomiku USA.

Žádost ministerstva obrany USA o 515,4 miliard dolarů na fiskální rok 2009 vysoce ční nad všechny ostatní vojenské rozpočty na světě. A tato obrovská suma – jde o 5% navýšení oproti vojenskému rozpočtu na rok 2008 – se má utratit jen za běžnou činnost armády, takže nezahrnuje války v Iráku a Afghánistánu.

Prezident George W. Bush od roku 2001, kdy převzal úřad, zvýšil běžný rozpočet americké armády o 30%, opět bez započtení nákladů na války, které zahájil. Loni celkové americké vojenské a protiteroristické výdaje překročily 600 miliard dolarů. Lze předpokládat, že příští rok budou celkové výdaje na vojenské záležitosti ještě vyšší. Výdaje na armádu USA, upravené o inflaci, dosáhly nejvyšší úrovně od druhé světové války.

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