Geteiltes Bolivien

Bolivien droht scheinbar auseinanderzubrechen. Die Unterstützung für Präsident Evo Morales, der 53 % der Stimmen im Dezember 2005 erhielt, stellte eine Forderung nach demokratischer Koexistenz, sozialem Wandel und nationaler Einheit dar. Zwei Jahre später ist das Land von regionalen, sozialen, ethnischen und ideologischen Differenzen gezeichnet, und die Regierung ist verwirrt und desorientiert.

Morales hat eine Verfassungsreform ausgearbeitet, die Änderungen am Konzept und an der Rolle von Staat, Privatbesitz und der Verwaltung von Bodenschätzen und Steuern beinhaltet. Seine Gegner reagierten, indem sie ihr Recht auf Selbstbestimmung verkündeten und drohten, das Referendum zu boykottieren, mit dem er die Reform zu legalisieren hofft. Morales’ Sympathisanten drohen damit, Straßensperren zu errichten.

Nur drei der neun bolivianischen Departments unterstützen die Regierung, während 60 % der Bevölkerung in den sechs anderen Departments konzentriert sind, auf die 70 % der Fläche des Landes und zwei Drittel seines BIP entfallen. Der Wunsch der Regierung, der Mehrheit im Land ihren Willen aufzuzwingen, ist daher potenziell gefährlich.

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