尼日利亚动乱因贫困而起

拉各斯—最近,尼日利亚安全部队夷平了一座北部渔村,近200人丧命,2000间屋子被毁,而这只是为了根除一小撮伊斯兰极端派系博科圣地(Boko Haram)分子。此次袭击凸显出过去四年来军方因为极端主义者的多次袭击而恼羞成怒。尽管尼日利亚总统乔纳森(Goodluck Jonathan)He联合国秘书长潘基文谴责军方的重拳出击方式,但这绝非与极端主义者的对峙造成严重附带伤害——也几乎肯定不会是最后一次。

博科圣地的主要目标是迫使尼日利亚接受伊斯兰教法,自2009年因军方处决其领袖尤素夫(Mohammed Yusuf)而向政府宣战以来,该组织表现出极强的韧性。博科圣地采用打一枪换一地的游击战术和自杀式人肉炸弹袭击过警局、政府大楼和教堂,造成数千人丧生。尽管军方特种部队与博科圣地在博尔诺州和约贝州发生过暴力交火,但博科圣地在其活动活跃的北方各州仍然相当强健。

以穆斯林为多数人口的北方的政治敏感型迫使作为南方基督徒的乔纳森不得不小心翼翼地试图遏制博科圣地。许多北方人怨恨总统宝座在仅仅一个任期之后又回到了南方人手中(一项不成文的约定规定总统应该每隔两届由南方和北方轮流坐庄)。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/oM0isLr/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.