Margaret Scott

Revers dans la lutte contre le narcotrafic au Mexique

MEXICO – Le trafic de drogues existe depuis des décennies au Mexique. Mais il n’a pas sérieusement menacé la stabilité du pays ou provoqué de conflit avec les Etats-Unis jusque vers le milieu des années�1980, date à laquelle la cocaïne de Colombie à destination des États-Unis a commencé à transiter par le Mexique. La police mexicaine, alors en voie de déliquescence, était particulièrement facile à corrompre et les trafiquants ne s’en sont pas privés.

Le démantèlement des cartels colombiens de Cali et de Medellin dans les années �1990 a créé un vide que les cartels mexicains se sont empressés de combler, consolidant avec le temps leur position dans le trafic de stupéfiants. Mais dans l’ensemble, le niveau de violence au Mexique restait relativement faible.

Cette «�paix des trafiquants�» s’explique par la politique de tolérance du gouvernement mexicain, qui a cherché à préserver un équilibre entre les cartels et l’État pour ce qui est des voies d’acheminement des narcotiques et les territoires infiltrés par les cartels.

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