Matt Wuerker

Обвинение капитализма в корпоративизме

НЬЮ-ЙОРК. Будущее капитализма снова под вопросом. Переживет ли он нынешний кризис в своем теперешнем виде? Если нет, то трансформируется ли он сам или инициативу возьмет на себя правительство?

Раньше термин «капитализм» имел следующее определение – экономическая система, при которой капитал находится в частной собственности и используется собственниками по своему усмотрению: владельцы капитала должны были решать, как лучше его использовать, и могли опираться на дальновидность и творческие идеи предпринимателей и новаторов. Данная система личной свободы и личной ответственности не давала правительству особых возможностей влиять на процесс принятия экономических решений: успех означал прибыли, а неудача означала убытки. Корпорации могли существовать только до тех пор, пока свободные люди добровольно приобретали их товары, – в противном случае, они быстро теряли свой бизнес.

Капитализм стал мировым рекордсменом в 1800-е годы, когда он развил возможности для стремительных повсеместных инноваций. Страны, принявшие капиталистическую систему, добились непревзойденного уровня процветания, уровня занятости и роста производительности, ставших настоящим чудом для всего мира, что положило конец массовым лишениям.

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