El dilema europeo de Blair

Tony Blair ha logrado una notable tercera victoria electoral consecutiva. Sin embargo, la abrupta merma de su mayoría en la Cámara de los Comunes y el daño a su reputación personal significan que su posición política se encuentra seriamente debilitada. Como resultado, estará mal situado para manejar los desafíos futuros, el más intratable de los cuales será la nueva Constitución de la Unión Europea.

La Constitución, adoptada por los 25 estados miembros el año pasado, no es en si misma un gran problema. Introduce algunas mejoras significativas para el voto de mayoría en el Consejo de Ministros, da algunos nuevos poderes al Parlamento Europeo, incluye una Carta de Derechos Fundamentales. Podría ayudar a armonizar las políticas exteriores de los estados miembros, pero no es un documento revolucionario.

De acuerdo con la práctica constitucional británica normal, se esperaría que el gobierno ratificara esta Constitución mediante una votación en la Cámara de los Comunes y, hasta las recientes elecciones generales, la enorme mayoría pro-gobierno habría sido más que suficiente. No obstante, Blair, acorralado por la controversia acerca de la impopular y posiblemente ilegal guerra en Irak, pensó que podía ahorrarse problemas en Westminster posponiendo la ratificación hasta el 2006 (es decir, un plazo cómodamente alejado en el futuro) y proponiendo que se llevase a cabo mediante un referendo popular.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now