Poverty in Kibera Kenya Gates Foundation

El ambiente de la pobreza

COPENHAGUE – A pesar de los avances en la esperanza de vida, el mayor acceso a la educación y los menores índices de pobreza y hambre, falta mucho por hacer en el planeta para mejorar la calidad de vida de sus habitantes. Casi mil millones de personas siguen acabando la jornada con hambre, 1,2 mil millones viven en la pobreza extrema, 2,6 mil millones carecen de acceso a agua potable e instalaciones sanitarias, y casi tres mil millones deben quemar materiales dañinos dentro de sus hogares para combatir el frío.

Cada año, diez millones de personas mueren a causa de enfermedades infecciosas como la malaria, el VIH y la tuberculosis, además de la neumonía y la diarrea. Se estima que la falta de agua e instalaciones sanitarias causa al menos 300.000 muertes al año, mientras que la desnutrición provoca al menos 1,4 millones de fallecimientos infantiles.

La pobreza es uno de los factores que más mata. Es la razón de que los niños no reciban una nutrición adecuada y vivan en zonas con aguas sucias e higienización inadecuadas. Y explica por qué una enfermedad completamente prevenible como la malaria mate cerca de 600.000 personas al año; muchos son demasiado pobres como para comprar medicamentos y mosquiteros para camas, al tiempo que los gobiernos carecen de presupuesto para erradicar los insectos que transmiten la enfermedad ni tratar los brotes epidémicos de manera oportuna.

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