Еда в эпохе биотоплива

РИМ – За последние несколько лет биотопливо стало яблоком раздора. Для некоторых, возобновляемые источники энергии, производимые из органического вещества, являются волшебной палочкой в борьбе с изменением климата. Но другие видят биотопливо, как реальную угрозу, потому что растения, используемые для его создания, претендуют на сельскохозяйственные земли и воды, которые могли бы быть использованы для выращивания продуктов питания.

Но это ложная дихотомия. Выбор не может стоять между едой и топливом. Мы можем эффективно использовать оба. Учитывая правильные условия, биотопливо может стать эффективным средством для повышения продовольственной безопасности, путем предоставления бедным фермерам устойчивого и доступного источника энергии.

В некоторых африканских странах, не имеющих выхода к морю, бензин стоит в три раза дороже средней мировой цены, делая цены на топливо одним из главных барьеров на пути сельскохозяйственного роста. Расширение использования биотоплива в этих регионах может повысить производительность и создать новые возможности для трудоустройства, особенно в сельских районах. Эффект был бы даже сильнее, если дополнительный спрос на исходное сырьё для биотоплива был бы реализован семейными фермерскими хозяйствами и мелкими производителями.

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