Доморощенная Энергетическая Безопасность для Европы

КОПЕНГАГЕН – Европейский Союз сильно зависим от иностранной нефти. Из каждых 100 литров, потребляемых в ЕС, 90 импортируются. Между тем, внутреннее производство нефти резко падает, снизившись более чем на 50%, за последнее десятилетие. По данным Международного Энергетического Агентства, если ЕС не изменит курс и не увеличит свое производство альтернативных источников энергии – включая биотопливо, вариант, которым ЕС уже давно пренебрегает – к 2030 году, около 95% необходимой ему нефти, будет поступать из зарубежных источников.

Текущее состояние дел, остается Ахиллесовой пятой ЕС, так как это предусматривает зависимость от импорта из нестабильных, авторитарных режимов. В 2014 году, государства-члены ЕС потратили ни много ни мало €271 млрд на иностранную сырую нефть – больше, чем совокупный ВВП Болгарии, Венгрии, Словакии и Словении. Примерно половина из этих денег ушла в Россию, на Ближний Восток и в Северную Африку.

Таким образом, ЕС не только подвергается мировым нарушениям поставок; он также помогает поддерживать авторитарные правительства и расширять возможности враждебных режимов, что ограничивает его собственный потенциал по обеспечению эффективных и скоординированных ответов на угрозы и провокации. Усилия ЕС по разработке согласованных политических и экономических стратегии, чтобы противостоять проблемам, связанных с Российской агрессией в Украине и адом на Ближнем Востоке, являются наглядным тому примером.

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