Au-delà du cessez-le-feu de Gaza

TEL AVIV – La trêve tant attendue entre Israël et le Hamas dans la bande de Gaza est finalement devenue réalité.

Il n’a pas été simple de parvenir à ce stade délicat. Durant des mois, des personnes sages et responsables ont exhorté Israël à accepter le cessez-le-feu proposé par les chefs du Hamas à Gaza. Mais le gouvernement d’Israël, trouvant toutes sortes de prétextes, résistait obstinément.

« Une trêve affaiblirait le président palestinien Abou Mazen » ont déclaré les autorités – comme si l’installation de nouvelles colonies israéliennes à Jérusalem Est et le refus de démanteler les précédentes colonies illégales ne l’avaient pas déjà affaibli ; ou encore : « le Hamas ne reconnaît pas l’État d’Israël » – comme si d’autres accords de cessez-le-feu avec les États arabes et l’OLP ces 60 dernières années avaient été fondés sur la reconnaissance d’Israël plutôt que sur un simple principe éthique qui a guidé Israël durant des années, à savoir d’obtenir pour nous et pour nos ennemis une pause dans les hostilités.

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