Вне дискуссии о смертной казни

Решение Китая казнить главу агентства по регулированию оборота наркотиков в очередной раз разожгло международный спор о высшей мере наказания. Этот очень древний вопрос своими корнями ведет к Платону, который в своих «Законах» прописал необходимость наказывать смертью тех, кто совершает вопиющие преступления.

Сторонники высшей меры наказания обычно выдвигают три аргумента, оправдывающие санкционированное государством убийство тех, кто отбирает жизнь у других людей. В первую очередь есть старый закон – «зуб за зуб, глаз за глаз». Говоря словами Иммануила Канта, ни какой губернатор Техаса, ни какое другое «наказание не приводит к удовлетворительному правосудию».

Затем существует практический довод: высшая мера наказания удерживает многих преступников от убийства. Кроме того, смертная казнь для убийц предотвращает рецидивы: если их выпускают из тюрьмы, то они вновь могут стать убийцами.

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