Beyond the Death Penalty Debate

Rozhodnutí Číny popravit šéfa tamního úřadu pro regulaci léčiv znovu rozdmýchalo mezinárodní debatu o trestu smrti. Jde o prastarou otázku, kterou lze vystopovat až k Platónovi – ten ve svých „Zákonech“ viděl potřebu trestat smrtí ty, kdo páchají neslýchané zločiny.

Zastánci hrdelního trestu obvykle na obranu státem posvěceného zabíjení lidí, kteří vezmou život jinému člověku, předkládají tři argumenty. Za prvé je zde staré pravidlo „oko za oko, zub za zub“. Řečeno slovy Immanuela Kanta, nikoliv nějakého texaského guvernéra, žádný jiný „trest není schopen uspokojit spravedlnost“.

Poté je zde utilitární argument: trest smrti odrazuje řadu zločinců od vraždy. Navíc se zabíjením vrahů předchází recidivě: jsou-li vrahové propouštěni z vězení, mohli by zabíjet znovu.

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