死刑辩论之外

中国判处原药监局局长死刑再度引发了有关死刑的国际争论。这个问题由来已久,可以追溯到波拉图时代,按照波拉图“定律”,必须要对犯下重罪的人处以死刑。

死刑支持派通常会罗列三种论点,来为国家审批杀人者死刑进行辩护。首先是“以眼还眼,以牙还牙”的古老原则。用伊曼努尔·康德(Immanuel Kant)、而不是某位德克萨斯州州长的话说,没有任何一种其他刑罚“足以伸张正义”。

其次是实用主义的论调:死刑能够阻止罪犯进行谋杀。不仅如此,对杀人犯执行死刑可以有效地防止重犯:如果从监狱中获释,他们可能会再次行凶。

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