福岛之后

维也纳—一年前日本福岛灾难性事故以来,核电变得更加安全了。在未来几年中,只要政府、核电站运营商和监管者做好自己的工作,核电的安全性将继续提高。

福岛事故是由史上最严重的地震和海啸引起的。但是,日本当局也 承认,人事和组织方面的不力也是事故的重要原因。

比如,日本的核监管当局不够独立,核电站的运营方东京电力公司也不够强大。在福岛核电站,用于维持关键安全功能——如冷却核反应堆和乏燃料棒——的后备电源没有得到合适的维护。应对严重事故的培训做得不够充分。福岛核电站和日本都缺少综合紧急响应的能力。

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