Atención con el proteccionismo hacia la inversión extranjera directa

NUEVA YORK – Durante sus reuniones más recientes, el G-8 adoptó una postura contundente en contra de las medidas proteccionistas en el sector de la inversión extranjera directa (IED), haciéndose eco de los pedidos de una moratoria para este tipo de medidas pronunciados anteriormente por el G-20. Ambos tenían razón de hacerlo.

Según la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre Comercio y Desarrollo, sólo el 6% de todos los cambios en las regulaciones nacionales de IED en todo el mundo entre 1992 y 2002 apuntaban a que el clima de inversión fuera menos acogedor. Esa cifra se duplicó al 12% de todos los cambios regulatorios de 2003-2004 y casi se volvió a duplicar, al 21% de todos los cambios regulatorios de la IED, en 2005-2007. En América Latina, por ejemplo, alrededor del 60% de todos los cambios regulatorios de IED fueron desfavorables a los inversores extranjeros.

En términos generales, los países que habían implementado al menos un cambio regulatorio que hiciera que el marco de inversión fuera menos acogedor en 2006-2007 representaban aproximadamente el 40% de los influjos mundiales de IED durante ese período -una cifra llamativa que demuestra que algo muy sospechoso está en marcha-. Y estos datos se refieren a cambios formales en leyes y regulaciones; no hay datos disponibles respecto de hasta qué punto se implementan leyes y regulaciones inalteradas de una manera más restrictiva, incrementando las barreras informales al ingreso y operaciones de firmas extranjeras.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/WLicw5O/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now