Остерегайтесь протекционизма в отношении ПИИ

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – На своих последних встречах Большая Восьмерка заняла решительную позицию против протекционистских мер в отношении прямых иностранных инвестиций (ПИИ), повторив призывы принять мораторий по таким мерам, которые ранее выдвинула Большая Двадцатка. Обе совершенно правы.

Согласно Конференции ООН по Торговле и Развитию, всего 6% всех изменений в национальных нормативах в отношении ПИИ во всем мире между 1992-2002 гг. делали инвестиционный климат менее приветливым. Эта цифра удвоилась до 12% всех регулирующих изменений в 2003-2004 гг. и практически снова удвоилась до 21% всех регулирующих изменений в отношении ПИИ в 2005-2007 гг. В Латинской Америке, например, около 60% всех регулирующих изменений в отношении ПИИ в 2007 году были неблагоприятными по отношению к иностранным инвесторам.

В целом, страны, которые провели по крайней мере одно регулирующее изменение, которое сделало инвестиционную структуру менее приветливой в 2006-2007 гг., составили около 40% мировых притоков ПИИ в течение этого периода – внушительная цифра, которая показывает, что происходит что-то очень сомнительное. И эти данные относятся к формальным изменениям в законах и нормативах; нет никаких данных о том, в какой степени выполняются неизменные законы и нормативы более ограничительным способом, увеличивая неофициальные барьеры для прихода и деятельности иностранных фирм.

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