Между Pax Americana и Pax Africana

Причины войны и мира в Африке не всегда имеют африканское происхождение. Конфликты в других частях света часто вызывают огромные последствия на всей территории Африки. В ноябре 2002 года во время теракта в принадлежащем израильтянам отеле "Paradise" в моём родном городе Момбаса, кенийцев погибло вчетверо больше, чем израильтян. Был ли это всего лишь очередной момент, когда политические события на Ближнем Востоке кровавым образом пересеклись с политикой ислама в Африке?

Здесь мы должны провести различие между национальным и международным терроризмом. В значительной степени мишенью терроризма в Африке во второй половине 20-го столетия были колониальные власти и оставленные ими в наследство режимы европейского меньшинства. Кения, например, завоевала свою независимость отчасти в антиколониальной освободительной войне, в ходе которой как британские колониальные войска, так и движение Мау-Мау прибегали к терроризму.

Оглядываясь назад, можно сказать, что "национальный" терроризм в Африке был одной из форм военных действий, о которых нужно судить в их политическом и моральном контексте, и критерием при этом должны быть конечные результаты. Война Мау-Мау в Кении принесла ей независимость в 1963 году; алжирская революция освободила эту страну в 1962 году; антиколониальные войны в Анголе, Мозамбике и Гвинее-Бисау разрушили португальскую империю в 1974 году; борьба против "Односторонней декларации независимости" в Родезии (Зимбабве) положила конец правлению белых, а борьба против режима апартеида в Южной Африке в конце концов увенчалась триумфом.

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