Il faut réformer les Accords de Bâle

ROME – Les Accords de Bâle, supposés protéger les déposants et plus généralement les clients des banques des mauvaises pratiques de ces dernières, ont exacerbé en réalité la spirale économique descendante amorcée par la crise financière de 2008. Du fait de la crise, la confiance a disparu, les banques ont dû vendre leurs actifs et restreindre leurs prêts pour se conformer aux exigences en matière de capital stipulées par les Accords. La restriction du crédit a conduit à une chute du PIB et à une montée du chômage, tandis que la vente brutale des actifs a accéléré le déclin.

L'étude récente que j'ai faite récemment avec Jacopo Carmassi (Time to Set Banking Regulation Right) montre qu'en autorisant les grandes banques internationales à s'endetter à un niveau dangereux et à prendre des risques excessifs - les laissant parfois accumuler un passif 40 ou 50 fois supérieur à leurs capitaux propres - les Accords de Bâle ont non seulement permis la crise, mais paradoxalement, l'ont intensifiée.

Après la crise, les dirigeants de la planète et les banques centrales ont réexaminé la réglementation bancaire et modifié en priorité les règles prudentielles des Accords de Bâle. Malheureusement, les nouveaux accords de Bâle III et les Directives européennes sur les fonds propres réglementaires qui ont suivi n'ont pas pallié aux deux défauts des règles prudentielles internationales : le recours à des modèles de gestion des risques par les banques pour le calcul des exigences en capital et l'absence de véritable contrôle.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.