water from well USAID/Flickr

Nejlepší způsoby pro boj s extrémní chudobou

KODAŇ – V roce 1950 vydělávali ročně obyvatelé Jižní Korey a Pákistánu zhruba stejně. Dnes jsou obě země sotva porovnatelné. Příjem per capita Jižní Korey se od té doby zvýšil 23 krát, zatímco ten Pákistánu pouze třikrát.

Jedna z nejdůležitějších otázek, které dnes svět čelí, je jak pomoci více světově nejchudším zemím napodobit úspěch Jižní Korey. Lepší ekonomické výsledky znamenají posílení celé populace o lepší zdraví, více vzdělání, delší život a menší zranitelnost z výzev jako jsou přírodní katastrofy.  

V jádru je mnoho ze 169 rozvojových cílů, které OSN navrhlo pro příštích 15 let, o redukci chudoby. Ale ne všechny cíle jsou rovnocenně dobré. Copenhagen Consensus Center, jehož jsem ředitelem, se nedávno dotázal 60 týmů ekonomů, aby zhodnotili prospěch a náklady těchto navrhovaných cílů, které v září efektivně nahradí Rozvojové Cíle Tisíciletí.

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