热锅上的贝卢斯科尼

在宣扬通过减税和开放重振经济的竞选活动后,西尔维奥·贝卢斯科尼当选为意大利总理。就任3年后,他没能实现自己的经济理想,以他为首的政府也开始风雨飘摇。问题究竟出在哪里?

意大利的经济痼疾尽人皆知。如果不惮简陋,大致可以归结为3个方面:

· 公共财政薄弱 。意大利加入欧洲货币联盟之时,其主要预算盈余(除利息支付外超过政府开支的纳税收入)只占国民收入的5%。到贝卢斯科尼承诺减税的前一年,也就是2004年,上述盈余将进一步缩减至约1.5%。过度的社会福利开支(主要是公共养老金)和偿付国债的费用将资源从高效的政府开支领域抽走,形成了高额的税收负担。政府未能采取任何有意义的行动,导致问题日益恶化。因此,不久前标准普尔评级机构降低了意大利国债的信用等级,其实并不让人感到奇怪。

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