A cyclist wearing a face mask in an attempt to protect himself from air pollution STR/AFP/Getty Images

被忽略的污染威胁

纽约—污染是二十一世纪的重大生存挑战之一。它威胁到生态系统的稳定,制约经济发展,影响数十亿人的健康。但这个问题常常被各国增长战略或对外援助预算(如欧盟和美国国际开发署)忽视。结果是这一威胁愈演愈烈。

要动员必要的资源、领导力和公民参与以尽量减小污染威胁,首先要做的是将对污染的认识提升到应有水平。因此,我们组建了关注污染和健康的柳叶刀委员会(Lancet Commission),来整理关于污染对健康的影响的全面数据,评估其经济成本,探寻其余贫困的联系,并提出解决问题的具体方法建议。

去年10月,我们发布了一份这方面的报告。我们发现,污染每年导致九百万人死亡,相当于全球死亡总人数的16%。这个数字三倍于艾滋病、结核病和疟疾致死人数的总和,15倍于所有战争、恐怖主义和其他形式暴力致死人数总和。在受影响最严重的国家,污染致死占了总死亡人数的四分之一强。

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