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发自斯坦福——英国记者马特·里德利(Matt Ridley)一直是位在哲学和科​​学实践方面相当有见地的评论家。但他对基础研究和科技创新之间关系的评价——所谓“‘基础科学’是并未像我们想象的那样创造出那么多新发明”——则有失偏颇了。


我当年就读麻省理工学院时的微生物学教授萨尔瓦多·卢里亚(Salvador Luria)在1969年获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖后曾开玩笑说其实认识到自己研究成果的意义是件挺难的事情。卢里亚像所有祝贺他获奖的人都回赠了一幅漫画:一对老夫妇在吃早餐,正在看报纸的丈夫突然惊呼:“我的天啊!我竟然得了诺贝尔奖,理由好像是我在1934年时不记得是说过、做过,还是想过的一个什么东西!“

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