Qaddafi Jesse B. Awalt

القذافي وظله الطويل

أنطاليا ــ يبدو أن محاولة الانقلاب الأخيرة في ليبيا بقيادة الجنرال خليفة حفتر بددت أخيراً الأوهام التي صورت للبعض أن الحكومة المركزية المختلة التي تقتصر سلطتها الفعلية على عاصمة البلاد طرابلس قادرة على إدارة الحكم بفعالية. ولكن تحديد كيفية إحلال السلام والاستقرار في المجتمع الليبي العميق الانقسام سوف يتطلب ما هو أكثر من مجرد تقييم لأخطاء هذه الحكومة؛ بل إن الأمر يحتاج إلى دراسة متأنية لإخفاقات الزعيم السابق العقيد معمر القذافي ــ ونجاحاته.

يعتقد حفتر أن المفتاح إلى حل أزمات ليبيا العديدة يكمن في تأسيس جيش وطني قوي قادر على إخضاع الإسلاميين الذين يزعزعون استقرار البلاد. ويواصل آخرون دفاعهم عن المصالحة الوطنية. ولكن أياً من الحلين لا يعالج الأسباب الحقيقية التي تحرك الأحداث في ليبيا: أو إرث القذافي.

لقد حكم القذافي ليبيا لأكثر من أربعة عقود من الزمان، الأمر الذي يجعل من المستحيل تجاهل إرثه ببساطة. وهذا لا يعني الاعتراف بالارتباط الشديد بين السياسة ومشاكل اليوم فحسب، بل ويعني أيضاً ضمان عدم التضحية بما يجب الحفاظ عليه في الاندفاع إلى طمس ذكراه.

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