Barack Obama y el poder de los Estados Unidos

CAMBRIDGE – Uno de los primeros retos a que se enfrentará el Presidente Barack Obama son los efectos de la crisis financiera en curso, que ha puesto en duda el futuro del poder de los Estados Unidos. Un artículo publicado en la revista The Far Eastern Economic Review afirma que “El desmoronamiento de Wall Street presagia un movimiento telúrico global: el comienzo del debilitamiento del poder de los Estados Unidos”. El Presidente ruso, Dmitri Medvedev, considera la crisis como una señal de que el liderazgo global estadounidense está llegando a su fin, y el Presidente venezolano, Hugo Chávez, ha declarado que ahora Beijing es mucho más relevante que Nueva York.

Con todo, el dólar, el símbolo del poder financiero estadounidense se ha fortalecido, en lugar de debilitarse. Como señala Kenneth Rogoff, profesor de Harvard y ex economista en jefe del FMI, “Es irónico que, dado que acabamos de cometer errores graves, la respuesta de los extranjeros sea traer más dinero. No saben a dónde más recurrir. Parece que ellos tienen más confianza en nuestra capacidad para resolver nuestros problemas que nosotros mismos”.

Solía decirse que cuando los Estados Unidos estornudaban, al resto del mundo le daba pulmonía. Más recientemente, muchos sostenían que con el crecimiento de China y los Estados petroleros, una desaceleración en los Estados Unidos estaría desconectada del resto del mundo. Pero cuando a Estados Unidos le dio la gripe financiera, otros se contagiaron. Muchos líderes extranjeros pasaron pronto del regocijo burlón al miedo – y a la seguridad de los bonos de la tesorería estadounidense.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/M2ElGEF/es;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.