Tim Brinton

Балансирование между государством и рынком

БЕРЛИН. Финансовый и экономический кризис, который разразился в 2008 году, будет, в ретроспективе, рассматриваться как переломный момент, потому что он затронул значимые проблемы, касающиеся будущего наших экономических систем. Эти проблемы связаны не столько с гибелью капитализма – как некоторые это воспринимают или желают этого – а, скорее, с разным восприятием капитализма в разных странах.

То, чему мы сегодня являемся свидетелями, является полным провалом дебатов 1980-х годов. В то время Рональд Рейган бывало, шутил: “Девять самых ужасных слов в английском языке следующие: я из правительства и я пришел сюда, чтобы помочь!” Теперь, когда правительства потратили триллионы долларов, евро, иен и фунтов на стабилизацию финансовых рынков и экономики в целом, те слова кажутся менее ужасающими.

Фактически, вера в рынок была подорвана, а доверие к правительству и регулированию увеличивается. После десятилетий, когда царило единодушное мнение, что государство должно установить правила и оставить частный сектор в покое, государство стало рассматриваться в качестве благотворительной силы, которая должна играть активную роль в экономике.

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