Jon Krause

平衡中国的高储蓄率

北京——

近些年来,中国保持着非常高的国家储蓄率,2008年达到了国民生产总值(GDP)的52%(这是能得到的最新的数据统计)。其高储蓄率被认为是造成今天全球失衡的原因。根据传统理论,那些储蓄过多出口过多的国家会有大量的贸易盈余以及不断增长的外汇储备。

但事情并不总是如此。例如,如果我存了100美元,但是与此同时在我工厂的固定资产投资了100美元,那么“在国内来看是收支是平衡的”,并没有出口盈余。

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