Jak vyvážit vliv asijských soupeřů

OXFORD – George W. Bush se blíží ke konci svého prezidentského období zabřednutý v bažině nízké popularity, která částečně odráží i jeho politiku na Blízkém východě. V Asii však za sebou zanechává lepší odkaz. Vztahy Spojených států s Japonskem a Čínou zůstávají silné a současně se Bushovi podařilo značně upevnit svazek Spojených států s Indií, druhou nejlidnatější zemí světa.

V roce 2005 připravila ministryně zahraničí Condoleezza Riceová pro následující rok Bushovu návštěvu v Dillí, na níž prezident oznámil uzavření významné dohody o americko-indické kooperaci v oblasti civilního jaderného programu a také o celé řadě opatření vedoucích k obchodní a obranné spolupráci.

Americký kongres sice dohodu o jaderné spolupráci kritizoval, protože prý nebyla dostatečně přísná v otázkách nešíření, avšak zdálo se pravděpodobné, že projde. V Indii nicméně komunistická strana jakožto malý (ale důležitý) člen vládní koalice premiéra Manmóhana Singha dohodu zablokovala. Jak mi ovšem vysvětlil jeden indický přítel, pro indickou levici šlo především o symbolický krok.

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