Návrat k politice kulturní beznaděje

Před několika lety historik Fritz Stern napsal knihu o Německu nazvanou Politika kulturní beznaděje. Použil příkladů tří komerčně úspěšných (dnes však už zapomenutých) spisovatelů z konce devatenáctého a začátku dvacátého století, na nichž prokázal hlubokou averzi mnoha Němců k modernímu světu, zejména tržní ekonomice a demokratické politice. Podle Sterna šlo o součást kulturního podhoubí, z něhož vyrostl národní socialismus.

Od dob nacismu se mnoho změnilo. Vražedný triumf a krvavou porážku politiky kulturní beznaděje vystřídal hospodářský zázrak, který Německo proměnil v jednu z nejlépe prosperujících zemí světa, s bezmála šesti desítkami let čím dál stabilnější demokracie.

V Německu přesto přetrvávají stopy přístupu, jenž na moderní ekonomiku pohlíží s nechutí a na otevírání všech hranic do globalizovaného světa s hrůzou. „Ryzí kapitalismus“ a „globalizace“ vyvolávají hrůzostrašné představy. Hrozí, že na bezbranný, pracovitý lid se snesou hejna kapitalistických „kobylek“, abychom citovali nešťastnou metaforu, již ve své nedávné řeči použil Franz Müntefering, předseda vládních sociálních demokratů.

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