man robot Anton Novoderezhkin\TASS via Getty Images




理论上,其中不必存在矛盾。将部分人类劳动自动化应该能够让人们工作更少而赚钱更多,一如工业革命以来的趋势。虽然世界人口增长了七倍,但因为机器强化的劳动生产率的提高,工作时长下降,真实收入上升。在发达国家,生产率——每小时产出——是1831年的25 倍。世界逐渐变得更加富有,而创造这些财富所需要的人类工作时长有所减少。

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  1. verhofstadt40_PAULFAITHAFPGettyImages_borisjohnsonspeakingarms Paul Faith/AFP/Getty Images

    Boris’s Big Lie

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    While Boris Johnson, the likely successor to British Prime Minister Theresa May, takes his country down a path of diminished trade, the European Union is negotiating one of the largest free-trade agreements in the world. One really has to wonder what the "buccaneering" Brexiteers have to complain about.

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