第三世界的饮水问题

新加坡—最近,世界经济论坛在达沃斯发布了其第九期年度《全球风险》(Global Risks)报告,该报告是在调查了700多位商界领袖、政府官员和非盈利组织官员关于未来十年世界最严峻风险的看法的基础上写成的。也许最令人瞩目的是,今年的十大威胁中有四个与水有关。

这些风险包括因旱灾和洪灾造成的水危机、水质量恶化、水管理不力、无法遏制和适应气候变化、极端天气变化多发、粮食危机(至少部分因水短缺导致)。但该报告没有列出最紧迫的与水有关的担忧:确保足够多的饮用水。此外,尽管国际组织意识到了这个问题,但它们纠正这一问题的方针是完全错误的。

2012年,联合国宣布千年发展目标(Millennium Development Goals)中关于让无法获得安全饮用水的人数减少一半的目标已经提前完成,目前只有7.83亿人仍然无法获得清洁水。但第三世界水管理中心(Third World Center for Water Management)估计全世界至少有三十亿人仍在引诱质量可疑的水。代表私人水务公司的AquaFed认为这一数字高达34亿人——接近全球人口的一半。这表明联合国宣布胜利之举至少是操之过急了。

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