印度的自作孽粮食危机

新加坡—根据最新估算,印度总人口将在2028年达到14.5亿,与中国2050年的人口(17亿)差不多,相当于今天中国和美国的总人口。如今印度已经很难养活它的人口,目前的粮食危机将在未来十年大大恶化。

在2013年全球饥饿指数(Global Hunger Index,GHI)上,印度在78个最饥饿国家中名列第63名,低于相邻的斯里兰卡(第43名)、尼泊尔(第49名)、巴基斯坦(第57名)和孟加拉国(第58名)。尽管印度的情况在过去四分之一世纪中得到了很大改观——其GHI分从1990年的32.6增加到2013年的21.3——但联合国粮农组织仍认为,17%的印度人仍处于营养过度不良状态,无法从事生产。事实上,全世界营养不良人群众有四分之一生活在印度,比撒哈拉以南非洲地区加起来还要多。

更糟糕的是,全世界三分之一营养不良儿童生活在印度。根据联合国儿童基金会的数据,47%的印度儿童体重不足,46%的三岁以下儿童体型相对年龄太小。事实上,几乎一半的儿童夭折可以归因于营养不良,前总理辛格将这一状况称为“国耻”

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