La gran potencia olvidada de Asia

Al mencionar Asia, la mayoría de la gente piensa en los fascinantes gigantes emergentes de la región, China o India –o ambos. O piensa en el programa nuclear de Corea del Norte, en algún incidente terrorista o en las consecuencias humanitarias del último terremoto o tsunami. Pero frecuentemente se pasa por alto –o al menos se subestima- a Japón.

Esto es extraño dado que Japón es todavía la segunda economía más grande del mundo con un PIB anual de 5 billones de dólares –más que el de China e India juntos. A pesar de su tasa de crecimiento económico relativamente modesta, su PIB per cápita es de aproximadamente 38 mil dólares, más de diez veces que el de China o India.

Además, hay una agitación importante en Japón que sugiere cambios en los aspectos económicos y de seguridad. Los años 1990 pueden haber sido una década perdida, pero la economía de Japón ha empezado a recuperarse, y actualmente crece a más de 2% por año y ostenta varias compañías que verdaderamente son globales y muy exitosas.

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