Le Japon, la grande puissance asiatique que l'on oublie !

Aussitôt que l'on mentionne l'Asie, la plupart des gens pensent aux grandes puissances montantes de la région, la Chine ou l'Inde. Ou alors ils pensent au programme nucléaire nord-coréen, à des affaires de terrorisme ou aux conséquences humaines du dernier tremblement de terre ou du dernier tsunami. Mais souvent on oublie ou tout au moins on néglige le Japon.

C'est un phénomène étrange, car c'est la seconde économie mondiale, avec un PIB de 5000 milliards de dollars, plus que la Chine et l'Inde réunies. Malgré une croissance relativement modeste, son PIB par habitant est de 38.000 dollars, soit au moins dix fois plus celui de la Chine ou de l'Inde.

Par ailleurs, des signes sans équivoque annoncent des changements sur le front de l'économie et de la sécurité. Les années 1990 ont été une décennie perdue, mais l'économie japonaise a commencé à se redresser, sa croissance annuelle est maintenant supérieure à 2% et elle compte plusieurs grandes firmes mondiales des plus prospères.

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