Paul Lachine

Asia dinástica

SINGAPUR – En la medida que la cultura importa en la política, la reciente ola de cambios de liderazgo en el noreste de Asia sugiere que las sociedades asiáticas son más tolerantes -si no partidarias- de la sucesión dinástica. La recientemente electa presidenta de Corea del Sur, Park Geun-hye, es la hija de Park Chung Hee, que gobernó el país entre 1961 y 1979. El presidente entrante de China, Xi Jinping, es el hijo de Xi Zhongxun, ex vice primer ministro. El nuevo primer ministro de Japón, Shinzo Abe, es el nieto y el sobrino nieto de dos ex primeros ministros japoneses, y el hijo de un ex ministro de Relaciones Exteriores. Kim Jong-un es el hijo y el nieto de sus dos predecesores en Corea del Norte.

Este patrón no se limita al noreste de Asia. El presidente Benigno Aquino III de Filipinas es el hijo de la ex presidenta Corazón Aquino. Los primeros ministros Najib Abdul Razak y Lee Hsien Loong de Malasia y Singapur, respectivamente, también son hijos de ex primeros ministros. En India, Rahul Gandhi está esperando entre bastidores, preparándose para meterse en los zapatos de su bisabuelo (Jawaharlal Nehru), su abuela (Indira Gandhi) y su padre (Rajiv Gandhi). En Pakistán, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari -hijo del presidente Asif Ali Zardari y de la asesinada ex primera ministra Benazir Bhutto, y nieto del ex primer ministro Zulfikar Ali Bhutto- hizo recientemente su debut político. ¿La sucesión dinástica se está volviendo la norma en toda Asia?

No se puede negar que un linaje distinguido les da a los candidatos políticos una ventaja sobre sus rivales. Pero también es claro que tener parientes distinguidos no es ninguna garantía de éxito. Consideremos los altibajos en el historial de la ex presidenta filipina Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Su padre fue un presidente respetado; sin embargo, a ella bien se la podría recordar como una de las personas más corruptas del país.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable

    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.