India and China conflict over Tibet Hindustan Times/Getty Images

Азиатская иерархия унижений

ФИЛАДЕЛЬФИЯ – Индийские и Китайские войска были заблокированы в противостоянии в Доке Ла – где встречаются границы Бутана, Китая и Индии – уже почти месяц, это самая длительная тупиковая ситуация такого рода между двумя армиями с 1962 года. В неуклюжей ссылке на этот последний конфликт, в котором Индия потерпела катастрофическое поражение, представитель Министерства национальной обороны полковник Ву Цянь предупредил Индию о том, что надо “учить уроки истории”. Но уроки истории имеют особую тенденцию адаптироваться к точке зрения тех, кто их цитирует.

Нынешнее Китайское руководство видит в конфликте 1962 года цену, которую спесивый сосед должен был заплатить за несоблюдение его территориальных требований. Но для Индии этот конфликт был унижением, которое терзало страну более полувека. Поэтому напоминание об этом, вероятно, будет иметь противоположный эффект, которого ожидал Ву.

В международных отношениях быть униженным означает больше, чем быть поставленным в неловкое положение. Это сводится к публичной деградации другого игрока, отрицанию его заявки на получение статуса и установлению четкой иерархии. Войны дают возможность унижения самыми суровыми способами, потому что поражение на поле боя, как правило, имеет тенденцию приносить не только насмешки и издевательства, но и очевидные потери, особенно территориальные.

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