ASEAN AFP/Getty Images

رابطة دول جنوب شرق آسيا في الخمسين

سنغافورة ــ نحن نعيش أوقاتا عصيبة مضطربة، حيث يخيم التشاؤم حتى على أكثر أجزاء كوكب الأرض ازدهارا. وكثيرون مقتنعون بأن النظام الدولي يتهاوى. ويخشى بعض المراقبين أن يكون الصدام بين الحضارات وشيكا، إن لم يكن قد بدأ بالفعل.

مع ذلك، وفي وسط كل هذه الكآبة، تقدم منطقة جنوب شرق آسيا بصيصا غير متوقع من الأمل. فقد أحرزت المنطقة تقدما غير عادي في العقود الأخيرة، فحققت مستوى من السِلم والازدهار لم يكن ليتخيله أحد في السابق. والمنطقة مدينة بقدر كبير من هذا النجاح لرابطة دول جنوب شرق آسيا (آسيان)، التي تحتفل بالذكرى السنوية الخمسين لتأسيسها هذا الشهر.

تُعَد منطقة جنوب شرق آسيا واحدة من المناطق الأكثر تنوعا في العالَم. إذ يبلغ عدد سكانها 640 مليون نسمة، 240 مسلم، و120 مليون مسيحي، و150 مليون بوذي، وعدة ملايين من الهندوس، والطاويين، وأتباع كونفوشيوس، والشيوعيين. ويقطن إندونيسيا، الدولة الأكثر اكتظاظا بالسكان في المنطقة، 261 مليون نسمة، في حين لا يتجاوز عدد سكان بروناي 450 ألف نسمة. ويعادل نصيب الفرد في الدخل في سنغافورة، 52960 دولارا سنويا، 22.5 ضعف نظيره في لاوس (2353 دولارا).

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