西班牙的人权困境

纽约—西班牙国会议员们想要实施一项立法,阻止某些西班牙法官行使类似于流动许可证的权利,在西班牙法庭起诉世界各地发生的侵犯人权行为。在最近的一个案例中,一名西班牙法官要求获得针对中国前国家主席蒋泽明和前国务院总理李鹏的逮捕令,指控后两者在西藏犯有罪行。没有迹象表明西班牙与此案有关。

西班牙国会议员们提出了一个观点:允许一国检察官在与西班牙没有明确法律关系的别国选择起诉对象不啻于将起诉程序政治化。

但捍卫作为这些起诉基础的核心原则也很重要,即普遍管辖权(universal jurisdiction)的概念。事实上,这一概念可谓源远流长,并且在全球人权保护行动中扮演着关键作用。

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